How White Supremacy Dominates South African History: A Lesson for Dummies – I

A black-dominated country, South Africa, was passed down from one white man to another like a trophy. It was handed over as a prized possession, and its black people were silenced and voiceless.

Despite being a sensitive and delicate subject, explaining South Africa’s history remains a nagging sore that demands attention. The history of this country is woven together by white superiority and white supremacy. The government has been a white monopoly capital since the dawn of time. “White monopoly capital” is a term often used in the South African parliament in political debates. In post-Apartheid South Africa, the term refers to White South Africa’s economic dominance. So what exactly is the problem here? The proportion of white Africans in the population of South Africa is less than 10%, and 90 percent of the population is non-white. It is explained in this article why there is such an economic imbalance, which defies logic.

South African history is depicted in the following timeline. Documenting and acknowledging white supremacy’s pervasiveness throughout history is of vital importance.

The First Coloniser was Jan Van Riebeeck

It all began on April 16, 1652, when van Riebeeck and his crew arrived in what is now known as Cape Town. The goal of the Dutch was to establish a refreshment facility for ships traversing the Atlantic Ocean. Van Riebeeck was prohibited from colonizing the area. Despite that, he did it anyway. Formerly, the area was inhabited by Khoikhoi and San people. With Dutch expansion, the KhoiKhoi and San began to be displaced from their homes as they forcefully took land from the Khoi-San. As the first colony of Europe – possibly in Africa – the Cape of Good Hope was named by the Dutch, Jan van Riebeeck. Due to the Dutch’s well-equipped arsenal of guns and war necessities, a war between the Dutch and early South African settlers would be easily won by the Dutch.

On the other hand, the early settlers in South Africa had almost nothing to counteract those massive machine guns. This is where it all began: they needed shelter, and the KhoiKhoi and San provided it. Dutch colonists took advantage of the Khoisans’ lack of sovereignty and land control by assuming their plot.

The Second Wave of Colonists Arrives – We all know who they are!

It is well known that most African and non-white countries have been colonized and invaded. In 1820, the British arrived in Cape Town, South Africa. Despite opposition from the Dutch, they managed to capture the Cape. Eventually, the Dutch moved further inward in South Africa to escape British rule. Unsurprisingly, this resulted in wars: as the Dutch moved inwards, they encountered settlers – Xhosas, Zulus, and Bantu people. As a result of the entire facade by which the Europeans pushed themselves into South Africa, gold and diamonds were discovered. In their interest to take possession of these minerals, they did everything they could to attain them. South Africa was considered a treasure trove of riches to the British. The desire for these minerals stimulated the Anglo-Boer war, and it should be rightfully referred to as “Europeans fighting for something, not theirs.” There were no black people involved in the conflict. It’s mind-boggling that the Dutch and British fought a war over minerals that belonged to Africa. Minerals weren’t supposed to be mined by the Europeans; the Africans were supposed to get them. From 1899 to 1902, the Anglo-Boer war raged. British soldiers destroyed Dutch farms and families to gain an unfair advantage. Finally, the Dutch were compelled to submit to British rule. A black-dominated country, South Africa, was passed down from one white man to another like a trophy. It was handed over as a prized possession, and its black people were silenced and voiceless.

It gets worse – Apartheid begins!

Once again, in the hands of white men. A quick Google search of “when did apartheid begin in South Africa” will reveal that it did so in 1948. The statement is blatantly false. During the early part of the 20th century (1909), Louis Botha created a law. He instituted a policy of formal racial segregation, further eroding black people’s political and human rights. The act of this white supremacist man laid the foundation for apartheid. The White Union denies black people the right to vote, own substantial property, land, and participate in the economy. There is also the issue of black people being evicted from their land, which persists today.

To be continued.

South Africa’s present-day scars reflect the legacy of apartheid, further explored in the sequel. Vicious, brutal, and pitiful. In the second part, the author will discuss the injustice caused by apartheid, the basis of white superiority that led to the establishment of the entire government, and how black people were forced to the bottom of the economic ladder. The most significant impact of this cause remains the poverty still experienced by black people in South Africa today. A sequel will reveal how.

Lesego Makgale is a Tswana-born South African writer. She was raised in the town of Potchefstroom, where her teachers had a strong influence on her love of literature. Makgale began writing when she was thirteen years old. Four years later, she completed her poetry collection, ode to my dead uncle, which is currently being published in the United Kingdom. Lesego's personality is firmly rooted in humanitarianism. Her passion for helping others is focused on a number of global issues. She identifies mental health, child labour, education, and social and legal injustices as persistent societal irritants. She considers herself a feminist and has been an outspoken supporter of one of her country's atrocities against women: gender-based violence. Her broad outlook on life and being grounded in individuality are concepts that she holds dear because of some of her notable authors, including Charles Bukowski and Oscar Wilde. Lesego is now a freelance writer and editor, with her own website, the publicised journals of lesego makgale, where she openly discusses her struggles with mental health and other issues.

2 comments On How White Supremacy Dominates South African History: A Lesson for Dummies – I

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